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The painting was painted by the famous Spanish artist in oil on canvas in 1640. The peculiarity of this picture is that it, in combination with some other works of the artist, was painted for King Philip IV, at whose court the author served as a painter.
This portrait was supposed to adorn the hall of the hunting castle of the king, which, due to the theme of the picture. Indeed, initially Mars, according to ancient Italian mythology, was a god of nature, wild and pristine. And only a little later they began to identify him with military art.
The picture depicts a physically strong, muscular, strong man whose armor lies at the foot of his bed. A little tired, but very courageous and firm look, a magnificent and beautiful mustache, a little mannered pose - everything speaks of dignity and honor, courage, strength and patronage of all living things.
A half-naked figure brings him closer to naturalness, adds nativeness, pristine. It is as if it was akin to nature, organically and naturally fit into the structure of the surrounding landscape. Mars is like the personification of natural beauty and naturalness.
At the same time, his posture adds a certain amount of irony, mannerism, which already speaks of intimacy with human nature. The painting depicts metal armor corresponding to the armor of warriors from the time of the author. What also emphasizes that thread of unity between God and man, between nature and people, which can be traced in the whole image of Mars.
In hands, Mars holds a spear, which personifies strength and power in control. Knights of that time took the same spears with them to war, emphasizing oneness with God Mars and seeking his help and protection. In general, the picture is very emotional, capacious and vibrant.
Donatello St. George